These four ribbons hanging here on the stem are the four quarters of the universe.
- The black one is for the west where the thunder beings live to send us rain;
- The white one for the north, whence comes the great white cleaning wind;
- The red one for the east, whence springs the light and where the morning star lives to give men wisdom;
- The yellow one is the south, whence come the summer and the power to grow.
-Black Elk Speaks